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What is Septoplasty?

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What is Septoplasty?

Septoplasty is a surgical procedure performed to correct a deviated septum. The septum is the wall of cartilage and bone that separates the two nostrils. When the septum is deviated, it means that it is not centered and is instead shifted to one side, causing obstruction in the nasal passage. This can lead to various problems such as difficulty breathing, snoring, recurrent sinus infections, and even sleep apnea.

During a septoplasty, the surgeon makes an incision inside the nose to access the septum. The deviated portion of the septum is then carefully removed or repositioned to straighten it. In some cases, additional procedures such as turbinate reduction or sinus surgery may be performed simultaneously to improve nasal airflow and alleviate other nasal issues.

Septoplasty is typically performed under general anesthesia, although local anesthesia with sedation may also be used. The procedure usually takes about one to two hours, depending on the complexity of the case. It is commonly performed as an outpatient procedure, which means that the patient can go home on the same day after a short period of observation.

Before undergoing septoplasty, patients are advised to stop taking certain medications that can increase the risk of bleeding, such as aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They are also instructed to avoid eating or drinking anything for a few hours before the surgery. It is important to follow these instructions to ensure a safe and successful procedure.

After the surgery, patients may experience some discomfort, swelling, and nasal congestion. Pain medications and nasal sprays are usually prescribed to alleviate these symptoms. It is also recommended to keep the head elevated while sleeping and to avoid blowing the nose forcefully for a few weeks after the surgery. The surgeon will provide specific post-operative instructions to promote healing and minimize complications.

Septoplasty is generally considered a safe procedure with a low risk of complications. However, as with any surgery, there are potential risks and complications that can occur. These may include bleeding, infection, scarring, changes in the sense of smell, and a recurrence of the deviated septum. It is important to discuss these risks with the surgeon before deciding to undergo septoplasty.

The benefits of septoplasty are numerous. By correcting the deviated septum, the procedure can significantly improve nasal airflow and breathing. This can lead to a reduction in snoring, better quality sleep, and improved overall quality of life. Septoplasty can also help alleviate symptoms of chronic sinusitis, such as facial pain, pressure, and congestion. In some cases, it may even improve the effectiveness of nasal medications and reduce the need for oral medications.

Septoplasty is commonly performed on individuals who have persistent nasal obstruction and related symptoms that do not respond to conservative treatments such as nasal sprays or allergy medications. It is important to note that septoplasty is not a cosmetic procedure and is not performed solely for aesthetic purposes. However, in some cases, it may be combined with rhinoplasty, a cosmetic procedure to reshape the nose, to achieve both functional and aesthetic improvements.

In conclusion, septoplasty is a surgical procedure performed to correct a deviated septum and improve nasal airflow. It is a safe and effective treatment option for individuals who experience chronic nasal obstruction and related symptoms. By straightening the septum, septoplasty can alleviate breathing difficulties, reduce snoring, and improve overall quality of life. If you are considering septoplasty, it is important to consult with a qualified surgeon to determine if you are a suitable candidate for the procedure and to discuss the potential risks and benefits.

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