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What is Pilonidal Sinus? What are the symptoms of Pilonidal Sinus?

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What is Pilonidal Sinus? What are the symptoms of Pilonidal Sinus?

Pilonidal sinus, also known as pilonidal disease or pilonidal cyst, is a condition that affects the skin at the top of the buttocks, near the tailbone. It occurs when a small hole or tunnel forms in the skin, leading to the development of a cyst or abscess. This condition is more common in young adults, particularly males, and can be quite painful and uncomfortable.

The exact cause of pilonidal sinus is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of factors including hair growth, friction, and skin irritation. The condition often starts with a hair follicle becoming blocked, which leads to the accumulation of hair, dead skin cells, and debris. Over time, this can cause an infection and the formation of a cyst or abscess.

The symptoms of pilonidal sinus can vary from person to person, but some common signs include:

1. Pain: The affected area may be tender and painful, especially when sitting or moving. The pain can range from mild discomfort to severe throbbing pain.

2. Swelling: The area around the cyst or abscess may become swollen and red. The skin may feel warm to the touch.

3. Drainage: Pus or blood may drain from the sinus opening. This can cause a foul odor and may stain clothing.

4. Itching: The area may be itchy and irritated, leading to scratching and further skin damage.

5. Fever: In some cases, a low-grade fever may develop as a result of the infection.

6. Recurring infections: Pilonidal sinus has a tendency to recur, with periods of flare-ups followed by periods of remission. Each episode may be more severe than the previous one.

7. Difficulty sitting: The pain and discomfort associated with pilonidal sinus can make it difficult to sit for long periods of time. This can interfere with daily activities and quality of life.

If left untreated, pilonidal sinus can lead to complications such as the formation of multiple sinuses, the spread of infection, and the development of an abscess. In severe cases, surgery may be required to remove the cyst or abscess and repair the affected area.

To prevent pilonidal sinus, it is important to maintain good hygiene and keep the area clean and dry. This includes regularly washing the area with mild soap and water, avoiding tight clothing that can cause friction, and keeping the area free from excess hair. Additionally, avoiding prolonged sitting or pressure on the affected area can help reduce the risk of developing this condition.

In conclusion, pilonidal sinus is a condition that affects the skin near the tailbone, causing pain, swelling, and drainage. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms to prevent complications and receive appropriate treatment.

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